The Lebanese Civil War And The Taif Agreement

What is remarkable here is that after 1860, this formula of power-sharing and local governance followed a conflict between the Druze and the Maronites, the two main communities of the semi-autonomous region of Mount Lebanon. Further tensions later, not to mention the 1975 civil war, were resolved in the same way by power-sharing and political compensation agreements, although the search for non-sectarian systems of political adjustment was never attempted. The fact that Mr. Bahout recommends applying the Lebanese formula in other Arab countries is an indication of the catastrophic situation in the Arab world. Lebanon, as it describes the country, is dysfunctional, its political system is paralyzed and terribly divided. In many ways, the civil war of 1975-1990 (preceded by other civil wars in the 1950s, 1860s) continued in Lebanon; All you need to do is look at the total chaos that reigns over the country and the constant disregard for laws, rules and regulations. Let us not mention the theft, corruption, plundering of the country and its wealth by the ruling class. It is true that the Arab world is going through a very difficult period in its history for various reasons that are not discussed here for obvious reasons; however, this is not a sufficient reason to recommend the application of a defective system to other countries; A system so dysfunctional that it is not able to recommend garbage from the streets of the country`s cities to none. Yes, we are going through a very difficult period in our history, but we are showing a part of the world where the same thing has not happened, including the most developed countries. The West tends to push us, and a lot of time that we Arabs commit. But civil wars will stop, societies come together, people – including corrupt elites — eventually return to their senses and realize that there are no winners in civil wars. What some Arab countries are experiencing should not find us bad and terrible alternatives that have proved their failure for centuries. Instead, they must lead us to build secular societies and social systems based on citizenship, democracy and courtesy.

We must not lose hope and determination because we are now in the darker period. Nation-states are the only way forward, not sectarianism, which is slowly but steadily eating away at countries like Lebanon. The Taif Agreement (Arabic: „Ittif-Qiyat al-If) (also the national reconciliation agreement or document of the National Agreement) was an agreement that was to „serve as the basis for the end of the civil war and the return to political normality in Lebanon.“ [1] It was negotiated in Ta`if, Saudi Arabia, and was to end decades of Lebanese civil war, asserting Lebanese authority in southern Lebanon (then controlled by the South Lebanese army and supported by Israeli troops). Although the agreement establishes a timetable for the military withdrawal from Syria and provided for the Syrians to withdraw within two years, the effective withdrawal did not take place until 2005. It was signed on 22 October 1989 and ratified by the Lebanese parliament on 5 November 1989. [2] The treaty was conceived by the President of the Parliament, Hussein El-Husseini, and negotiated in Ta`if, Saudi Arabia, by the surviving members of the 1972 Lebanese Parliament. [3] The agreement came into force with active mediation by Saudi Arabia, the discreet participation of the United States and the influence behind the scenes of Syria. [4] 13.

After agreement with the Prime Minister, you can invite the Chamber of Deputies to extraordinary meetings by decree. The reform of the executive under the Taif Agreement was implemented in 1989. The agreement also provided for the disarmament of all national and non-national militias. Hezbollah, as a „resistance force“ and not a militia, was allowed to remain armed and fight Israel in the South, a privilege that, according to Swedish academic Magnus Ranstorp, obtained in part by using its influence as the holder of a number of Western hostages. [9] On 13 April 1991, it was reported that the Lebanese armed forces, the Amal Movement and the Progressive Socialist Party intended to assimilate more than 36,000 Lebanese military and civilian personnel into Lebanese state institutions.